Secrets of Hydrogen Combustion
We all know the chemical formula of water: H2O. And most of us will be able to write the equation of the chemical reaction that produces water: 2H2 + O2 = 2H2O. But only a few people out of every million can explain how this reaction occurs in reality. Watch the video that explains everything.
“Throwing pebbles into the water, look at the ripples they form on the surface. Otherwise this activity will be an empty amusement.” Kozma Prutkov
Hydrogen bubbles look really cool when they explode! I love to conduct experiments with children where we ignite hydrogen bubbles. Children are always amazed by the fact that simple water is formed from igniting hydrogen. We as adults are accustomed to this fact. It does not seem all that amazing to us. After all, everyone knows:
2H2 + O2 = 2H2O
or, expressed differently:
H2 + H2 + O2 = H2O + H2O
But have you ever thought about how this happens? Think about how the reaction is written: Two molecules of hydrogen and one molecule of oxygen combine in one place to yield two molecules of water? My foot! That can’t be right. The probability that three molecules will combine in one place is negligible. So if it is not possible, then how does it occur? Soon you will know the answer to this question.
Simple Hydrogen, A Complicated Reaction
Hydrogen is the element with the simplest atomic structure. Only one electron revolves around a nucleus consisting of just one proton.
What could be more simple? But drat, the reaction for hydrogen combustion is not all that simple. Ask your chemist friend: how does hydrogen burn? I bet you ten to one that he will not respond, or he will give you the wrong answer. Until the mid-twentieth century, mankind did not know how this reaction occurs. In 1956 the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to two scientists for their explanation of how this reaction occurs.
In reality, it is not all that complicated. Soon we will take a look using our virtual microscope and we will all see what happens during the combustion of hydrogen.
Just keep in mind that in the past scientists did not have access to such a virtual microscope that would allow them to see the mechanisms behind reactions.
A Very Big Boom
The combustion of a small bubble of hydrogen is not very dangerous. The match that you use to ignite a bubble releases ten times more energy than the burning hydrogen. But hydrogen in larger quantities can prove quite fatal.
Perhaps the most tragic event was the fire on the huge airship Hindenburg, which was transporting 97 passengers and crew in 1937 from Germany to the US.
A spark occurred when the airship landed, which caused the hydrogen that filled the airship to explode. The tragedy claimed the lives of 36 people and, in fact, put an end to the airship industry.
Let’s Take A Look Inside The Explosion
Now we will keep our promise and explain to you how hydrogen actually burns. In this short video we dive inside the explosive mixture of hydrogen and oxygen so as to expose the individual molecules. Let’s look at what happens there.
MEL Science wins Audience Award at Silicon Valley Open Doors '17 conference
MEL Science with its subscription-based science kit for kids boosted by virtual reality application gets great reception from startup community of Silicon Valley. MEL Science wins Audience Award at Silicon Valley Open Doors '17 conference.
Hiring - performance marketing
We are looking for a performance marketing specialist. A person capable of probing multiple user engagement channels, optimizing each of them, measuring their parameters and singling out the best ones.
How one gesture can make the whole chemistry much easier for kids
One of the most abstract, difficult things for kids studying chemistry is connecting two different worlds: our macro world and the micro world of molecules. With the new version of the MEL Chemistry app, which is available for iOS and Android, you can simply hold a bottle up to your smartphone camera and see 3D molecule structures of the substance inside the bottle.